Yuriy Shaporin

People’s Artist, Laureate of the State Awards Composer, teacher, musician and public person Y.A.Shaporin was born to a family of an artist 27 October 1887 in Glukhov (Sumskaya oblast). In 1913 graduated from the faculty of law in the St.Petersburg University, in 1918 – from the Petersburg’s Conservatory (N.A. Sokolov’s composition department, orchestration by M.O.Shteinberg and score reading by N.N.Cherepnin). Aleksander Blok greatly influenced Shaporin’s artistic outlook. In 1919-1934 was the head of the musical preparation department and worked as a composer in the St.Petesburg theatres. Since 1936 he lived in Moscow and since 1939 taught in the Moscow State Conservatory (professor since 1940). Among his students are such as: G.A.Jubanova, E.F.Svetlanov, A.G.Flyarkovskiy, R.K.Schedrin and R.M. Yakhin.Since 1952 – secretary of the Union of Composers.Shaporin’s best works are celebrated with a Russian classical music traditions. Prominent events of the past and that time were reflected in those works that are characteristic of a great breadth- opera “The Decembrists” (1953), symphony/cantate “On the Kulikovo Field” (1939, lyrics by A.Blok and M.Lozinsky’s amendments, the State Award, 1941), oratory “Legend of a battle for the Russian land” (1944), “How long shall the kite fly” (1963). The Revolutinary events are presented in the symphiny written in 1932, suite “The Flea” (1926) based on the N.S.Leskov’s novel “The Lefty”. Y.Shaporin is an outstanding composer that continued the romance tradition of writing music for poems A.S.Pushkin, A.A.Blok, F.I.Tyutchev and others. Especially famous are romances “Incantation”, “Under the blue sky”, “Autumn holiday”, “By the night the war calmed down”, “The Burlaks’ Song” (State Award, 1952).Among Shaporin’s works are also symphonic and vocal ballades on Bunin, Blok, Isakovsky, Simonov’s lyrics, 2 piano sonates, music for drama plays and films. He also wrote articles on music.  Y.Shaporin died 9 December, 1966.